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Разговорный английский - практический тренинг 1: автомобиль напрокат за рубежом, как выбрать модель прокатного авто, застраховать машину за границей?
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Разговорный английский - практический тренинг 1: автомобиль напрокат за рубежом, как выбрать модель прокатного авто, застраховать машину за границей?

Скачать запись урока английского языка в MP3(Для прослушивания MP3 объекта вам необходим Flash плейер)

ВНИМАНИЕ! Обратите внимание на то, что на данной странице я привожу лишь текст материала, который мы будем разбирать в ходе разговорного онлайн урока английского языка. Вам необходимо обязательно прослушать учебное аудио для предварительной подготовки к английскому онлайн уроку. Прослушайте мои объяснения английской лексики и грамматики на он-лайн плеере (слева на странице), или скачайте MP3-аудиофайл себе на компьютер и прослушайте его на любом MP3-устройстве (MP3-плеере, магнитоле, телефоне и т.д.)

Разговорный английский урок онлайн по теме Аренда авто за границей. Как подготовиться к уроку английского языка онлайн?

В ходе подготовки к разговорной практике на английском языке мы на практических примерах из реальных жизненных ситуаций (аренда автомашины, бронирование отеля, регистрация в аэропорту) отрабатываем английские грамматические конструкции. Сегодня мы повторим the Present Indefinite (или Simple) Tense - настоящее неопределенное (или простое) время. Present Indefinite образуется при помощи личной формы инфинитива без частицы to. В третьем лице единственного числа глагол в настоящем неопределенном времени принимает окончание -s или -es, которое читается как [s] после глухих согласных и как [z] после звонких и непарных согласных, а также после гласных (т.е. аналогично окончанию множественного числа имен существительных):

I rent a car. - Я арендую машину.
You rent a car. - Ты арендуешь машину.
He rents a car. - Он арендует машину.
She rents a car. - Она арендует машину.
It rents a car. - Что-то неодушевленное арендует машину.
We rent a car. - Мы арендуем машину.
You rent a car. - Вы арендуете машину.
They rent a car. - Они арендуют машину.

Вопросительные формы в Present Indefinite образуются при помощи вспомогательного глагола do во всех лицах и числах, кроме третьего лица единственного числа (форма does) и инфинитива смыслового глагола без частицы to. В вопросительной форме вспомогательный глагол находится перед подлежащим, а смысловой глагол остается на своем обычном месте - после подлежащего.

Do you rent a car with Hertz? - Ты арендуешь машину у Хертц?
Does he rent a car with Hertz? - Он арендует машину у Хертц?

В отрицательной форме в Present Simple отрицательная частица not ставится после вспомогательного глагола do:

I do not rent any car with Hertz. - Я не арендую машину у Хертц.
He does not rent any car with Hertz. - Он не арендует машину у Хертц.

Отрицательную форму Present Simple можно образовывать при помощи наречия never, которое ставится послед подлежащего и перед смысловым глаголом, т.е. вместо do not / does not:

I never rent any car with Hertz. - Я не арендую машину у Хертц.
He never rents any car with Hertz. - Он не арендует машину у Хертц.

В некоторых случаях отрицание можно образовать при помощи отрицательного местоимения no (аналогично по значению числительному "ноль"), формально при этом предложение остается утвердительным:

I drive a car. - Я имею машину.
I do not drive any car. - Я не имею [никакой] машины.
I never drive a car. - Я никогда не вожу машину.
I drive no car. - Я не вожу машину. [Я вожу отсутствие машины.]

Английский глагол-связка to be не нуждается во вспомогательных глаголах для образования вопросительной и отрицательной форм настоящего неопределенного времени, т.к. сам по себе является вспомогательным, может выноситься в начало в вопросе и принимать отрицательную частицу not в отрицаниях:

This car is Audi A4. - Эта машина [есть] Ауди А4.
Is this car is Audi A4? - Эта машина [есть] Ауди А4?
This car is not Audi A4. - Эта машина не [есть] Ауди А4.

Все остальные глаголы в английском языке требуют вспомогательного глагола do при образовании вопросов, отрицаний, а также при образований кратких ответов:

Do you drive autohomes? - Ты водишь автодома?
Yes, I do. - Да.
No, I do not. = No, I don't. - Нет.
Does your friend drive autohomes? - Твой друг водит автодома?
Yes, he does. - Да.
No, he does not. - Нет.

Арендуем машину за границей. Как арендовать авто за рубежом?

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Avis Prestige Car Rental offers a wide range of luxury cars to hire including BMW, Mercedes, Audi, Mini, VW, Range Rover, Jaguar, Porsche, Aston Martin, Bentley, Lamborghini, Maserati and Ferrari all chosen for their reputation and status.

Aston Martin DB9
Quintessentially English, the Aston Martin DB9 sets a new standard in its class due to its astonishing performance, beautiful styling and dedicated craftsmanship. The Aston Martin DB9 is one of the most technically advanced 2+2 seat sports cars in the world. This car is part of the Avis Prestige super/sports car range available from London, Heathrow, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Aston Martin V8 Vantage Roadster
The Aston Martin V8 Vantage Roadster is a hand-crafted sports car that offers electrifying performance and outstanding agility. It fuses traditional Aston Martin style and everyday usability. The result is the world's most desirable sports car. Aston Martins have historically been sublimely elegant in the styling department and the V8 Vantage carries on the tradition. This is one of a great selection of luxury sports cars offered by Avis Prestige.

Ferrari F360 F1 Spider
The Ferrari 360 Spider really is a beauty beyond compare. The 360 Spider possess all the finest qualities subtly blended so uniquely with immense power and Italian style and charisma that can only be Ferrari. Super sports cars will come and go but a red Ferrari is a love affair for life. This car is part of the Avis Prestige super/sports car range available from London, Heathrow, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Ferrari F430 F1 Coupe
The Ferrari F430 F1 is giant leap forward in sports motoring excellence, taking all that was good in the Ferrari 360 and refining it to create perfection. The larger engine provides phenomenal performance, but it is the feel of the Ferrari 430 that also delights with all the poise, handling and energy of a true super-car. This car is part of the Avis Prestige super/sports car range available from London, Heathrow, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Lamborghini Gallardo SE
The Lamborghini Gallardo is a wonderfully exciting sports car for both those who wish to be noticed and those who thrive on the thrill of raw horsepower on the open road. From the moment you lower yourself into the snug seats in the yellow and black cockpit you realise that this special edition Lamborghini Gallardo is very special indeed. This car is part of the Avis Prestige super/sports car range available from London, Heathrow, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Aston Martin - V8 Vantage
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Bentley Continental GT
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Bentley Continental GT Convertible
Inspired by Bentley's grand touring tradition, the Bentley GT Convertible combines luxury, stunning performance and open air motoring for four. Put quite simply the Bentley Continental is convertible motoring at its exhilarating best. It is an effortless, quiet, comfortable cruiser with a sumptuous interior of unrivalled craftsmanship of the highest quality. This car is part of the Avis Prestige super/sports car range available from London, Heathrow, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Ferrari F430 F1 Spider
The sports car masterpiece that is the Ferrari F430 now comes with a soft top option. Lower the lightweight hood into the space behind the seats - and that mighty, high-revving V8 is just behind your ears. The Ferrari F430's exquisite performance and handling match its hardtop stable mate but roof down, it's another story and throttle-prodding becomes highly addictive. This car is part of the Avis Prestige super/sports car range available from London, Heathrow, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Lamborghini Murcielago
The Lamborghini Murcielago LP640 Roadster version was first shown at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2006, as a facelift for the coupé version. The car's body is made up of steel and carbon fibre, while underneath a revised suspension has been added to keep up with the Lamborghini Murcielago's exceptional performance whist retaining the original car's scissor-opening doors. This car is part of the Avis Prestige super/sports car range available from London, Heathrow, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Mercedes SLK 55 AMG
Andrew Frankel of the Sunday Times described this as "one of the sweetest, most appealing roadsters to cross my path in many years" and Top Gear's 'Stig' pronounced the SLK 55 AMG as "simply the best car I have ever driven". High praise indeed but more than justified, this 5.4 litre 360 bhp AMG is everything a driver could wish for is a sports car. This car is part of the Avis Prestige super/sports car range available from London, Heathrow, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Maserati Gran Turismo
Beauty is the Maserati Gran Turismos most potent weapon. Perfectly sculptured, elegant and well-balanced, the Maserati Gran Turismos visual presence sets the pulse racing, combining sporty in a spacious car. Its authentic style is unmistakably Maserati, transmitting power, sensuality and refinement to their limits. This car is part of the Avis Prestige super/sports car range available from London, Heathrow, Manchester and Edinburgh.

Maserati Quattroporte
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Porsche 997 Carrera Cabriolet
In 1965, Porsche executives decided a new model needed to be introduced that could carry on the rear-engine tradition made famous by the 356. Dr. Ferdinand Porsche's son Ferry was commissioned with the task of designing the car, and the result was introduced to the world as the all-new 1965 Porsche 911.

Audi TT Coupe
Originally launched in the autumn of 1998, the Audi TT took the sports coupé market by storm. Now the second generation of this successful model is making its debut with Avis Prestige. The new Audi TT embodies the style, stability and power of a pure driving machine and is even more dynamic than its predecessor.

Audi Q7 - 4x4
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Range Rover Sport - 4x4
The Range Rover Sport is a totally new breed of Land Rover. Every inch has been designed with aerodynamics and exhilarating performance in mind. With a raked windscreen and roofline and a smooth rounded body, Range Rover Sport appears to be moving even when it's standing still.

Audi TT Roadster
The Audi TT Roadster was originally launched in the UK in 2000. Its successor, the second generation Audi TT Roadster remains true to its iconic design as a genuine sports car. The new Audi TT looks better-built than ever, it's a credible sports car with the pure design principles of a modern classic.

BMW 630 Cabriolet Auto
The BMW 6 series Convertible joins that pulse-quickening line-up as BMW's first large luxury performance Cabriolet in half a century. Providing a tempting blend of performance, practicality, style the BMW 6 Series Cabriolet ticks all the boxes and sets a new standard in the convertible market.

Mercedes SLK 200
The Mercedes-Benz SLK is pure exhilaration. It's a car that makes the open road come alive, delivering an intense rush, with style, innovation and power. The retractable hardtop converts the SLK from a coupe to roadster in just 23 seconds. Explore with us the pure thrill of the Mercedes SLK.

Mini Cooper
The Mini began its public life on the 26 August 1959. Its designer, Sir Alec Issigonis could not have even dreamed of the impact his little car would have on the world of culture, society and of course automobiles. The Mini was designed simply to be an affordable car that could seat four adults and still be small enough to travel in safety.

Mercedes ML 4x4
Mercedes-Benz popularized the luxury sport-utility class with the launch of the M Class in 1997. During its seven-year life cycle the original Mercedes ML had one facelift. The new Mercedes ML has been completely re-engineered for a new generation of luxury "sports utility vehicle" enthusiasts. It has a roomy cabin; armchair-like seats a massive boot and lots of head and legroom.

BMW X5 4x4
In 1999 BMW achieved what many had considered impossible when it launched the original BMW X5 as it was the first "sports utility vehicle" with a credible claim to be fun to drive. The BMW X5 is an imposing machine on the road with an image that gently says 'here I am'

Mercedes CLS 350
The Mercedes CLS-Class gives you the look and feel of a luxury coupe, but with an element of practicality by an extra set of doors in the back. It nestles perfectly into the range above the Mercedes E Class and Mercedes CLK from one of the world's most famous brands.

Toyota Prius (Congestion Charge Free)
The Toyota Prius is no ordinary hatchback. The Prius features a new generation of Toyota's Hybrid Synergy Drive system, with an electric motor supplementing the power of its petrol engine. To drive it, you'd never know, as it feels just like a 'normal' car. It's spacious, comfortable and built to a very high quality. Add to that low carbon dioxide emissions and exemption from London's £8-a-day congestion charge and this is a really fabulous car.

Mercedes S320 CDi
The feeling of quality is central to the Mercedes S-class's image of the ultimate luxury saloon. The latest Mercedes S-class has moved the luxury-car goalposts as is it surprisingly agile and engaging to drive. You can't help but feel good about travelling in this prestigious car.

Jaguar XK Cabriolet
Ten years after the launch of the modern-era Jaguar XK came the next generation. The new Jaguar XK Cabriolet is lighter, faster and roomier than the car it replaces and you won't get a better-looking coupe in this class. You will feel very good about arriving anywhere in the Jaguar XK. aston martin

Aston Martin DB9 Volante
The Aston Martin DB9 Volante is the 13th convertible from Aston Martin following an wonderful era that stretches back to the DB2 of 1950. The Aston Martin DB Volante radiates a sense of occasion with its perfectly sculpted body panels and trademark grille. The Aston Martin DB9 Volante tops the perfection charts, looking equally amazing with the top up or down.

BMW 325 Cabriolet
For 20 years the BMW 3-Series Convertible has been the fashionable cabriolet among those with a desire to look cool in public. This is the fourth generation of BMW 3-Series Convertible and now has a steel three-piece roof which will turn your coupe into a convertible or vice versa in under 23 seconds.

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